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Launches and Orbital Operations


Tyneside, UK
2019 Oct 22
Tuesday, Day 295

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Primary source of unclassified orbital elements

Orbital elements based on amateur observations

2019 - Launches to Orbit and Beyond

Listed are all launches, irrespective of outcome, that were irretrievably committed to flight towards orbit or intended to accelerate the payload to escape velocity.

Launch times are in UTC and are from the launching agency or estimated by 'walking back' along the ground track to the launch site. The PRIME source of orbit data and decay information is SpaceTrack. All other major sources are simply copies of the Space-Track data.

To fill the gaps where Space-Track's elements are not published because they have a classification of "Secret", a minority of orbits is based on amateur observations using visual and radio techniques. Occasionally, early orbit data are published by satellite owners and may cover periods before SpaceTrack lists a new object. In extreme cases, orbits are estimated from public data.

Apogee and perigee are measured against a spherical Earth situated at the focus of the orbital ellipse and with a radius of 6378.145 km. Care should be exercised when comparing with other published orbits even when the source is shown as SpaceTrack because they may be be based on a different model.

Web sites may link to specific launches by pointing to the page URL followed by the three digit launch number, eg - http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Launches/Launches.php?year=2019#001


2019-060
CZ 11
Jiuquan Space Centre, China
2019 Sep 19, 06:42
Zhuhai-1 OVS-03
2019-060A
44534
in space
Commercial Chinese Earth observation satellite using high definition video. Data and imagery will be used to study vegetation, water and crops. Catalogue number and designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2019 Sep 20, 06:0568820.001349551394.6997.4027713:00
2019 Oct 20, 04:2268910.001550252394.8897.4019712:59
Zhuhai-1 OHS-05
2019-060C
44536
in space
Commercial Chinese Earth observation satellite equipped with high definition, multispectral cameras. Data and imagery will be used to study vegetation, water and crops. Catalogue number and designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2019 Sep 20, 06:0568820.001249551294.6997.4028013:00
2019 Oct 20, 10:2668910.001150552094.8897.4119312:59
Zhuhai-1 OHS-06
2019-060D
44537
in space
Commercial Chinese Earth observation satellite equipped with high definition, multispectral cameras. Data and imagery will be used to study vegetation, water and crops. Catalogue number and designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2019 Sep 20, 06:0568810.001349451194.6797.4028313:00
2019 Oct 20, 10:0268910.001050652094.8897.4021212:59
Zhuhai-1 OHS-07
2019-060E
44538
in space
Commercial Chinese Earth observation satellite equipped with high definition, multispectral cameras. Data and imagery will be used to study vegetation, water and crops. Catalogue number and designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2019 Sep 20, 06:0468810.001449351294.6797.4028213:00
2019 Oct 20, 09:5568910.001050651994.8897.4019712:59
Zhuhai-1 OHS-08
2019-060F
44539
in space
Commercial Chinese Earth observation satellite equipped with high definition, multispectral cameras. Data and imagery will be used to study vegetation, water and crops. Catalogue number and designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2019 Sep 20, 13:4168800.001549251294.6597.4028613:00
2019 Oct 20, 01:5068910.000850751894.8897.4121912:59
CZ 11 upper stage
2019-060B
44535
Re-entered - 2019 Sep 19
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of Zuhai-1 satellites. Orbit was lowered soon after releasing the satellites in order to precipitate re-entry.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 19, 08:0367020.03459355591.0297.37311
2019 Sep 19, 15:3766060.019110235389.0597.38310


2019-061
CZ 3B + YZ-1
Xichang Space Centre, China
2019 Sep 22, 21:10
Beidou-3 M-23
2019-061A
44542
in space
Phase 2 operational satellite in MEO for China's navigation satellite system. Launch was brought forward by 24 hrs to avoid forecast bad weather at the launch site.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 24, 18:57282480.01152154622194787.4755.03177
2019 Oct 01, 20:30282050.01002154722108785.7155.02176
Beidou-3 M-24
2019-061B
44543
in space
Phase 2 operational satellite in MEO for China's navigation satellite system. Launch was brought forward by 24 hrs to avoid forecast bad weather at the launch site.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 24, 18:53282420.01162153522192787.2255.02177
2019 Sep 28, 18:54281540.00852153522016783.5455.02178
2019 Oct 04, 10:38279060.00072150721549773.2355.01288
YZ-1 rocket stage
2019-061C
44544
in space
Launched pair of Beidou-3 satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 23, 14:12285010.00322203322213798.0855.14234
CZ 3B rocket stage
2019-061D
44545
in space
Launched pair of Beidou-3 satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 23, 22:23157650.582520418569328.3255.02171


2019-062
H-IIB
Tanegashima Space Centre, Japan
2019 Sep 24, 16:05
Kounotori 8 (HTV-8)
2019-062A
44546
in space
Carrying supplies and equipment to ISS. Captured with ISS RMS Sep 28 at 11:13 UTC and docked with the downward-facing port of the ISS Harmony module at 15:08 UTC.

Precise launch time 16:05:05 UTC. Postponed from Sep 10 after a fire broke out on the launch pad.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 24, 18:5566200.011216731689.3351.67321
2019 Sep 24, 20:2566230.008518830189.4051.66313
2019 Sep 25, 19:1267360.001035136591.7051.66278
2019 Sep 27, 18:4267540.001636538692.0651.65191
2019 Sep 28, 03:5267820.000640040892.6551.6488
2019 Sep 28, 07:1667930.000641142092.8751.6494
2019 Sep 28, 12:4667950.000741142192.9051.6493
H-IIB upper stage
Re-entered - 2019 Sep 24
Life <1 day
Launched Kounotori 8. De-orbited shortly after releasing its payload so not catalogued.
Orbital parameters not available


2019-063
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre, China
2019 Sep 25, 00:54
Yunhai-1 2
2019-063A
44547
in space
Meteorological satellite developed by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST) to be used for observation of atmospheric, marine and space environments, disaster prevention and scientific experiments.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2019 Sep 25, 05:5771520.0009767780100.3298.5826907:10
2019 Sep 29, 13:0971620.0002782785100.5398.5931607:10
CZ 3B upper stage
2019-063B
44548
in space
Launched Yunhai 1 2.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 26, 08:0371390.0008755767100.0598.1516


2019-064
Soyuz-2 1A
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
2019 Sep 25, 13:57
Soyuz MS-15
2019-064A
44550
in space
Carrying crew to ISS - Oleg Skripochka (Roscosmos), Jessica Meir (NASA), Hazza Al Mansouri (UAE spaceflight participant). Precise launch time 13:57:43 UTC. Docked with rear port of Zvezda at 19:42 UTC

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 25, 14:2665830.001519521588.5951.6468
2019 Sep 25, 17:0167360.002833937791.7051.66206
2019 Sep 25, 17:0167950.000741142192.9051.6484
Soyuz upper stage
2019-064B
44551
Re-entered - 2019 Sep 28
Life 3 days
Launched Soyuz MS-15.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 25, 19:4065780.000819520588.4951.6540


2019-065
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat-M
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Archangel Region, Russia
2019 Sep 26, 08:46
Cosmos 2541 (EKS 3)
2019-065A
44552
in space
Missile early warning satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 26, 15:51264690.6969164638537714.2963.83270
2019 Oct 08, 07:33265510.6983163338712717.5963.84270
Fregat-M stage
2019-065B
44553
in space
Launched Cosmos 2541.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 02, 08:13264750.6968164838545714.5163.82270


2019-066
CZ 4C
Taiyuan Space Centre, China
2019 Oct 4, 19:51
Gaofen 10
2019-066A
44622
in space
Remote sensing satellite to be used for land use surveys, urban planning, road network design, crop estimation and disaster prevention/mitigation, part of a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites. Replaces the original Gaofen 10 that was lost in a launch failure 2016 Aug 31. An unspecified issue on Oct 2 caused 24 hr launch postponement from Oct 3.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2019 Oct 05, 04:0169950.000761262297.0497.7825201:59
CZ 4C upper stage
2019-066B
44623
in space
Launched Gaofen 10.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 04, 21:3069020.012943461395.1097.7539


2019-067
Proton-M + Briz-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
2019 Oct 9, 10:17
Eutelsat 5 West B
2019-067A
44624
in space
Comsat to join Eutelsat 5 West A and eventually take over its functions. Coverage is aimed at France, Italy and Algeria. Satellite includes GEO 3, an EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service) to improve the precision of ESA's Galileo navigation system for users needing very accurate position information. Released from the launch vehicle Oct 10 at 01:53 UTC. Expected location - 5° west.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2019 Oct 10, 15:21449130.591011989650801578.7513.36179
2019 Oct 14, 10:25539940.319330374648572081.003.36179
2019 Oct 18, 15:00567480.255235888648522242.281.99179
2019 Oct 19, 23:13477280.115135855468461729.520.97178
2019 Oct 21, 13:56437260.034535842388551516.610.28174
2019 Oct 22, 09:42422340.000535834358781439.630.031024° east
MEV-1 (Mission Extension Vehicle)
2019-067B
44625
in space
Northrop Grumman spacecraft - planned to rendezvous and attach itself to the Intelsat 901 comsat (28624/2001-024A), currently in geosynchronous orbit at 29° east, and take over its pointing and station-keeping functions in order to extend its on-orbit life by five years. May then move to another satellite. Released from the launch vehicle Oct 10 at 02:11 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2019 Oct 10, 15:18448420.590611979649481575.0113.39179
2019 Oct 14, 11:02460210.547914429648571637.579.81179
Briz-M rocket stage
2019-067C
44626
in space
Launched Eutelsat 5 West B and MEV-1. Performed a separation manoeuvre after releasing MEV-1. Orbits shown are estimates based on data from Khrunichev, the launch vehicle operator, covering the stages of flight leading up to satellite separation. Space-Track orbit data awaited.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 09, 10:3365670.001218119788.2751.5580
2019 Oct 09, 12:2895310.29952986007154.3350.40179
2019 Oct 09, 15:02391190.8251465650161283.3250.10180
2019 Oct 10, 01:53450730.583112412649771587.1813.40180
2019 Oct 10, 04:12439350.611910675644381527.4513.30180
Briz-M APT
2019-067D
44627
in space
Discarded propellant tank from Briz-M rocket stage.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 09, 18:03162280.584636319336342.8850.35173


2019-068
Pegasus XL
Lockheed L-1011 over Atlantic Ocean near Cape Canaveral AFS, USA
2019 Oct 11, 01:59
ICON (Ionospheric Connection Explorer)
2019-068A
44628
in space
NASA satellite to study the influences of terrestrial weather and space weather on the ionosphere. The L-1011 took off from Cape Canaveral AIr Force Station at 00:31 UTC and climbed to about 12,500 metres. The Pegaus rocket was released thirty four minutes into a ninety minute launch window that opened at 01:25 UTC. The originally planned release at 01:30 UTC was abandoned because of communications dificulties between the aircraft and the ground. Delayed one day from Oct 10 due to weather.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 14, 22:4369710.001958060696.5426.99169
Pegasus upper stage.
2019-068B
44629
in space
Launched ICON.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 14, 22:4069680.001657960296.4927.00166


2019-069
Electron
Rocket Lab LC-1, Wairoa, New Zealand
2019 Oct 17, 01:22
Palisade
2019-069A
44634
in space
Imaging satellite owned by Aquila Systems, built to test systems for upcoming satellites based on its 16U (4x4, non-standard Cubesat) Corvus platform. Released from Electron kick stage at 02:33 UTC. Launch delayed from Oct 14 due to thunderstorms in the launch area.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 17, 20:2175940.001112081224109.7787.90117
Electron second stage
2019-069B
44635
in space
Launched Palisade satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 17, 18:4471360.0629309120699.9887.89272
Electron kick stage
2019-069C
44636
in space
Launched Palisade satellite. Performed a perigee-lowering engine firing after releasing the satellite into circular orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 18, 13:5072290.05034871215101.9587.9024


2019-070
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre, China
2019 Oct 17, 15:21
TJS 4
2019-070A
44637
in space
Described as a technology test satellite, TJS 4 is probably military in nature and intended for signals intelligence gathering (SIGINT).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2019 Oct 18, 03:45243870.730320035818631.6827.03180
CZ 3B upper stage
2019-070B
44638
in space
Launched TJS 4.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 18, 03:41239630.725619734973615.2727.01179


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