Zarya - Soviet, Russian and International Spaceflight
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Launches and Orbital Operations


Tyneside, UK
2020 Jan 22
Wednesday, Day 22

Maintained by:







Special Orbits:




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Earlier Times:









Primary source of unclassified orbital elements

Orbital elements based on amateur observations

2020 - Launches to Orbit and Beyond

Listed are all launches, irrespective of outcome, that were irretrievably committed to flight towards orbit or intended to accelerate the payload to escape velocity.

Launch times are in UTC and are from the launching agency or estimated by 'walking back' along the ground track to the launch site. The PRIME source of orbit data and decay information is SpaceTrack. All other major sources draw heavily on the Space-Track data.

To fill the gaps where Space-Track's elements are not published because they have a classification of "Secret", a minority of orbits is based on amateur observations using visual and radio techniques. Occasionally, early orbit data are published by satellite owners and may cover periods before SpaceTrack lists a new object. In extreme cases, orbits are estimated from public data.

Apogee and perigee are measured against a spherical Earth situated at the focus of the orbital ellipse and with a radius of 6378.145 km. Care should be exercised when comparing with other published orbits even when the source is shown as SpaceTrack because they may be be based on a different model.

Web sites may link to specific launches by pointing to the page URL followed by the three digit launch number, eg - http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Launches/Launches.php?year=2020#001


2020-001
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral AFS, Florida, USA
2020 Jan 7, 02:19
Starlink-1073
2020-001A
44914
in space
One member of a cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX. Catalogue number to be confirmed.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 13, 19:3866980.000132032190.9353.0086
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 7
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter after about 1.5 circuits of the Earth and about two hours after lift-off. Any surviving fragments from its destructive re-entry impacted the southern Indian Ocean. Not catalogued.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-002
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre, China
2020 Jan 7, 15:20
TJS 5 (Communications Technology Experiment Satellite 5)
2020-002A
44978
in space
Described as a technology test satellite, TJS 5 is probably military in nature and possibly intended either for signals intelligence gathering (SIGINT) or to perform a missile early warning rôle. Precise launch time 15:20:14 UTC. Probably transferred to GEO Jan 9 and reached operational location the same day or shortly after.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jan 08, 04:08243780.730419535804631.3227.46180
2020 Jan 17, 16:35421660.000235779357961436.151.0024179° east
CZ 3B upper stage
2020-002B
44979
in space
Launched TJS 5.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 09, 03:01236920.724115934469604.8927.45180


2020-003
CZ 2D
Taiyuan Space Centre, China
2020 Jan 15, 02:53
Jilin 1 Wide Field 01 (Red Flag-1 H9)
2020-003A
45016
in space
Additional member of the Jilin 1 Earth observation constellation - equipped with a wide field imaging system. Catalogue number and designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jan 16, 06:5068630.001147749294.3097.3426310:00
ÑuSat 7 (Sophie)
2020-003B
45017
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina to provide earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video. Catalogue number and designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jan 16, 08:4568620.001147649294.2997.3426810:00
ÑuSat 8 (Marie)
2020-003C
45018
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina to provide earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video. Catalogue number and designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jan 16, 06:5268620.001247649294.2897.3426810:00
Tianqi 5
2020-003D
45019
in space
Comsat providing messaging communication links from LEO including between Internet-connected items. Catalogue number and designation to be confirmed,

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 15, 07:2068620.001247649294.2897.34281
CZ 2D upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 15
Life <1 day
Launched Jilin-1 Wide Field 01 and others. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellites. Not catalogued.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-004
Kuaizhou 1A
Jiuquan Space Centre, China
2020 Jan 16, 03:02
Yinhe 01 (SparkSat 01)
2020-004A
45024
in space
Comsat to provided 5G data connections between items of Internet-connected equipment. Demonstrator for a planned constellation from GalaxySpace of China.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 17, 12:3170070.001162163797.2986.40260
KZ-1A upper stage
2020-004B
45025
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 18
Life 2 days
Launched Yinhe 01. Perigee lowered after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 16, 07:4068340.049112179293.7286.3932


2020-005
Ariane 5ECA (VA-251)
Centre Spatiale Guyanaise, French Guiana
2020 Jan 16, 21:05
GSat 30
2020-005A
45026
in space
High capacity comsat owned by the Indian Space Research Organisation. Will replace Insat 4A. Separated from launch vehicle at 21:43:25 UTC. Expected location 83° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jan 16, 22:49243820.728424335764631.476.04178
2020 Jan 19, 16:24398770.060631081359161320.790.34173
2020 Jan 21, 19:12422500.001135825359181440.440.1014482° east
Eutelsat Konnect
2020-005B
45027
in space
High-capacity broadband satellite to deliver services across Europe and Africa, supporting community networks connected to Wi-Fi hotspots, mobile phone backhauling and rural connectivity. Separated from launch vehicle at 21:32:30 UTC. Transfer to GEO will take several weeks using electric propulsion. Expected location 13° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jan 19, 20:25243970.727626735771632.066.06180
2020 Jan 21, 16:48244810.726032935878635.356.03182
Ariane 5 upper stage
2020-005D
45029
in space
Launched Eutelsat Konnect and GSat 30.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 17, 02:53244020.728325335794632.256.05178


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