Zarya - Soviet, Russian and International Spaceflight
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Launches and Orbital Operations


Tyneside, UK
2020 Apr 2
Thursday, Day 93

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Primary source of unclassified orbital elements

Orbital elements based on amateur observations

2020 - Launches to Orbit and Beyond

Listed are all launches, irrespective of outcome, that were irretrievably committed to flight towards orbit or intended to accelerate the payload to escape velocity.

Launch times are in UTC and are from the launching agency or estimated by 'walking back' along the ground track to the launch site. The PRIME source of orbit data and decay information is SpaceTrack. All other major sources draw heavily on the Space-Track data.

To fill the gaps where Space-Track's elements are not published because they have a classification of "Secret", a minority of orbits is based on amateur observations using visual and radio techniques. Such data is published near-daily by Mike McCants and the source observations can often be found in the web-based Seesat-L discussion group. Occasionally, early orbit data are published by satellite owners and may cover periods before SpaceTrack lists a new object. In extreme cases, orbits are estimated from public data.

Apogee and perigee are measured against a spherical Earth situated at the focus of the orbital ellipse and with a radius of 6378.145 km. Care should be exercised when comparing with other published orbits even when the source is shown as SpaceTrack because they may be be based on a different model.

Web sites may link to specific launches by pointing to the page URL followed by the three digit launch number, eg - http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Launches/Launches.php?year=2020#001


2020-001
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Jan 7, 02:19
Starlink-1073
2020-001A
44914
in space
One member of a cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 13, 19:3866980.000132032190.9353.0086
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 7
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter after about 1.5 circuits of the Earth and about two hours after lift-off. Any surviving fragments from its destructive re-entry impacted the southern Indian Ocean. Not catalogued.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-002
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Jan 7, 15:20
TJS 5 (Communications Technology Experiment Satellite 5)
2020-002A
44978
in space
Described as a technology test satellite, TJS 5 is probably military in nature and possibly intended either for signals intelligence gathering (SIGINT) or to perform a missile early warning rôle. Precise launch time 15:20:14 UTC. Probably transferred to GEO Jan 9 and reached operational location the same day or shortly after.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jan 08, 04:08243780.730419535804631.3227.46180
2020 Jan 17, 16:35421660.000235779357961436.151.0024179° east
CZ 3B upper stage
2020-002B
44979
in space
Launched TJS 5.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 09, 03:01236920.724115934469604.8927.45180


2020-003
CZ 2D
Taiyuan Space Centre
2020 Jan 15, 02:53
Jilin 1 Wide Field 01 (Red Flag-1 H9)
2020-003A
45016
in space
Additional member of the Jilin 1 Earth observation constellation - equipped with a wide field imaging system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jan 16, 06:5068630.001147749294.3097.3426310:00
ÑuSat 7 (Sophie)
2020-003B
45017
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina to provide earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jan 16, 08:4568620.001147649294.2997.3426810:00
ÑuSat 8 (Marie)
2020-003C
45018
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina to provide earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jan 16, 06:5268620.001247649294.2897.3426810:00
Tianqi 5
2020-003D
45019
in space
Comsat providing messaging communication links from LEO including between Internet-connected items. Catalogue number and designation to be confirmed,

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 15, 07:2068620.001247649294.2897.34281
CZ 2D upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 15
Life <1 day
Launched Jilin-1 Wide Field 01 and others. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellites. Not catalogued.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-004
Kuaizhou 1A
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 Jan 16, 03:02
Yinhe 01 (SparkSat 01)
2020-004A
45024
in space
Comsat to provided 5G data connections between items of Internet-connected equipment. Demonstrator for a planned constellation from GalaxySpace of China.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 17, 12:3170070.001162163797.2986.40260
KZ-1A upper stage
2020-004B
45025
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 18
Life 2 days
Launched Yinhe 01. Perigee lowered after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 16, 07:4068340.049112179293.7286.3932


2020-005
Ariane 5ECA (VA-251)
Centre Spatiale Guyanaise
2020 Jan 16, 21:05
GSat 30
2020-005A
45026
in space
High capacity comsat owned by the Indian Space Research Organisation. Will replace Insat 4A. Separated from launch vehicle at 21:43:25 UTC. Expected location 83° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jan 16, 22:49243820.728424335764631.476.04178
2020 Jan 19, 16:24398770.060631081359161320.790.34173
2020 Jan 21, 09:35422490.001135825359171440.410.1014582° east
2020 Jan 24, 08:26421980.001135773358661437.790.1131981° east
2020 Jan 28, 14:31421650.000335775357991436.110.103081° east
2020 Feb 13, 09:42421650.000435770358041436.100.12683° east
Eutelsat Konnect
2020-005B
45027
in space
High-capacity broadband satellite to deliver services across Europe and Africa, supporting community networks connected to Wi-Fi hotspots, mobile phone backhauling and rural connectivity. Separated from launch vehicle at 21:32:30 UTC. Transfer orbit converted to GEO over several weeks using electric propulsion. Expected location 13° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jan 19, 20:25243970.727626735771632.066.06180
2020 Jan 23, 15:53246630.723743636133642.426.11184
2020 Feb 20, 12:56272580.6667270839051746.446.06192
2020 Mar 11, 07:02297960.6176501441821853.094.88199
2020 Mar 25, 19:00319100.5813698144082945.464.04204
Ariane 5 upper stage
2020-005D
45029
in space
Launched Eutelsat Konnect and GSat 30.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 21, 12:00242400.728320935516626.005.73180


 
SSIKLOPS small satellite deployer
International Space Station
2020 Jan 29, 04:20
STPSat 4 (Space Test Program Sat 4)
1998-067QY
45043
in space
Small satellite carrying five experimental payloads to study advanced spacecraft communications, navigation, power systems, as well as space weather and improved small-satellite tracking capability. The payloads were developed by the US Navy and the US Air Force as well as DoD research and academic institutions including the Air Force Research Laboratory, the Aerospace Corporation, and the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 31, 08:3967970.000541642392.9551.65229


2020-006
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Jan 29, 13:06
Starlink 1132
2020-006A
45044
in space
One member of a cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits near 300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 07, 16:0066940.000931032190.8353.00340
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 28
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of Starlink satellites. Not catalogued - retro-fire caused destructive re-entry above the Indian Ocean about two hours, 1.5 circuits, after launch.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-007
Electron (NROL-151)
Rocket Lab LC-1
2020 Jan 31, 02:54
USA 294
2020-007A
45110
in space
Small satellite from US National Reconnaissance Office, possibly testing or demonstrating satellite sensors. Initial orbit is a pre-launch estimate based on extrapolation of data from earlier Electron missions. Later, more precise, orbital data is based combined visual and radio observations by Cees Bassa and Nico Janssen.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit69780.001459061096.6969.98246
2020 Feb 27, 19:4069650.000158658896.4169.96116
Electron Kick Stage
2019-007B
45111
in space
Launched USA 294.
Orbit parameters awaited
Electron second stage
2019-007C
45112
Re-entered - 2020 Feb 22
Life 22 days
Launched USA 294. Initial orbit is a pre-launch estimate based on extrapolation of data from earlier Electron missions. Commencing 2020 Feb 18, orbit data was released routinely through SpaceTrack.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit67780.031019061092.5669.98245
2020 Feb 18, 15:0066360.013516834889.6769.98199


2020-008
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2020 Feb 6, 21:42
OneWeb 0013
2020-008A
45131
in space
Broadband distribution satellite for the UK company OneWeb.

One of 34 similar satellites carried on this launch

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 16, 18:4768280.001543946093.5887.40255
Fregat rocket stage
Re-entered - 2020 Feb 7
Life 1 day
Launched cluster of OneWeb satellites. Released satellites in groups of 2/4 over the first 3.5 hrs after launch then caused to re-enter above S Atlantic Ocean Feb 7 around 03:34 UTC. Not catalogued.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-009
H-IIA 202 (F-41)
Tanegashima Space Centre
2020 Feb 9, 01:34
IGS 14 (IGS Optical 7)
2008-009A
45165
in space
Information Gathering Satellite - an optical imaging reconnaissance satellite. Orbital elements are based on amateur observation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Feb 12, 09:5968690.000548849594.4497.4034710:30
HIIA upper stage
2020-009B
45166
in space
Launched IGS 14.
Classified object - orbit data withheld


failed to reach orbit
Simorgh
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2020 Feb 9, 15:48
Zafar (Victory)
Imaging remote sensing satellite for monitoring natural resources, agricultural and environmental developments. Also carried low-bandwidth comms and messaging system. Aimed at 540 km orbit but lost when the launch vehicle failed to impart sufficient velocity. Re-entered over Indian Ocean.


2020-010
Atlas V 441
Cape Canaveral
2020 Feb 10, 04:03
Solar Orbiter
2020-010A
45167
in space
Joint ESA/NASA Solar observing mission placed in heliocentric orbit with perihelion 42 million km and 168 days orbital period in resonance with Venus. Arrival expected early 2021 when Venus gravity assist will raise inclination to 25° relative to the ecliptic plane and allow observation of polar regions of the Sun.
Heliocentric orbit
Atlas V upper stage (Centaur)
2020-010B
45168
in space
Launched Solar Orbiter. Catalogue Number and Designation subject to confirmation.
Heliocentric orbit


2020-011
Antares 230
Wallops Flight Facility
2020 Feb 15, 20:21
SS Robert H Lawrence (Cygnus NG-13)
2020-011A
45175
in space
Northrop Grumman vehicle carrying supplies to ISS under CRS-2 contract with NASA. Captured by ISS Remote Manipulator Feb 18 at 09:05 UTC then docked, under control from ground, with downward facing port on Unity at 11:16 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 15, 21:5966090.005419526789.1251.62132
2020 Feb 16, 12:4066180.005020727389.3051.63138
2020 Feb 16, 18:3166280.006620629389.4951.63138
2020 Feb 17, 00:4767200.010726941391.3651.6442
2020 Feb 17, 12:4967900.000640841692.8051.638
2020 Feb 17, 19:1867930.000441241892.8751.64268
2020 Feb 18, 13:3467970.000541642292.9551.64288
Antares upper stage
2020-011C
45177
Re-entered - 2020 Feb 23
Life 8 days
Launched SS Robert H Lawrence.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 15, 21:5966100.005519626889.1451.64134


2020-012
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Feb 17, 15:05
Starlink 1202
2020-012F
45183
in space
One member of a cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX. Separated from launch vehicle at 15:20 UTC.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 24, 22:0067090.007028537891.1653.0069
Falcon 9 upper stage
2020-012BS
45242
Re-entered - 2020 Mar 5
Life 17 days
Launched cluster of Starlink satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 18, 18:2866610.013719237590.1853.0048


2020-013
Ariane 5ECA (VA-252)
Centre Spatiale Guyanaise
2020 Feb 18, 22:18
JCSat 17
2020-013A
45245
in space
High-bandwidth comsat owned by SKYPerfect of Japan, covering the Japanese islands and the surrounding region. Separated from launch vehicle at 22:45 UTC. Expected location 136° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Feb 19, 10:21243460.727026835667630.076.00178
2020 Feb 20, 15:48250730.6782169135699658.525.75179
2020 Feb 23, 03:49270670.5542568935688738.625.28180
2020 Feb 25, 00:15333730.262518233357561011.224.68184
2020 Feb 28, 16:40421070.001335676357821433.157.00216136° east
2020 Mar 04, 15:34421650.000335774357991436.087.00350136° east
GEO-Kompsat 2B (Cheollian 2B)
2020-013B
45246
in space
South Korean Earth environment monitoring and ocean monitoring satellite. Separated from launch vehicle at 22:49 UTC. Expected location 128°.2 east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Feb 19, 10:01243330.726826935640629.576.00178
2020 Feb 20, 18:46247780.6971112635674646.945.35179
2020 Feb 23, 02:45297750.41191113135662852.181.99180
2020 Feb 28, 17:40420630.000135681356891430.900.0597122° east
2020 Mar 02, 15:14420900.000735684357401432.290.05340126° east
2020 Mar 05, 18:44421170.000135734357431433.650.0468128° east
2020 Mar 12, 14:02421640.000235780357931436.080.04299128° east
Ariane 5 upper stage
2020-013D
45248
in space
Launched JCSat 17 and GEO-Kompsat 2B.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 22, 05:13242570.726824935508626.635.75178


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 07:10
RadSat-u (Radiation Satellite)
1998-067RF
45262
in space
3U Cubesat from Montana State University to demonstrate a radiation tolerant computer.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 23, 15:3067950.000741242292.9151.64333


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 09:35
Phoenix
1998-067RD
45260
in space
3U Cubesat designed by students from Arizona State University to study the Urban Heat Island effect associated with cities on the Earth's surface.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 23, 13:5867950.000841142292.9051.64294


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 11:20
QARMAN (Qubesat for Aerothermodynamic Research and Measurements on AblatioN)
1998-067RE
45261
in space
3U Cubesat designed to survive entry into Earth's atmosphere. Purpose is to demonstrate the use of a cubesat as a re-entry vehicle for future materials testing experiments. Also carries a sensor to observe lightning and auroral events at the Earth's limb. Precise release time 11:20:08 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 22, 17:5167950.000841142292.9151.64291


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 12:55
AztechSat 1
1998-067RA
45257
in space
1U Cubesat - built collaboratively by NASA and the Mexican Space Agency. Designed to demonstrate inter-satellite communication using satellites in the Globalstar constellation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 22, 10:0767950.000841242392.9151.64292
CryoCube
1998-067RB
45258
in space
3U Cubesat from the Sierra Lobo company equipped with a deployable sunshade to allow parts of the payload to be cooled to cryogenic temperatures for fluid dynamics studies.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 22, 05:2867950.000641342192.9151.64273


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 14:30
SOCRATES (Signal of Opportunity Cubesat Ranging And Timing Experiment System)
1998-067RG
45263
in space
3U Cubesat from the University of Minnesota to study gamma-ray photons from deep space.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 21, 20:1167950.000741242292.9251.64276


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 16:00
HARP (Hyper-Angular Rainbow Polarimeter)
1998-067QZ
45256
in space
3U Cubesat from a consortium of research bodies. Designed to monitor the microphysical cloud water and ice particles in the Earth's atmosphere.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 21, 15:3367960.000741242292.9251.65286
Argus-02
1998-067RC
45259
in space
2U CubeSat to improve modeling of the effects of space radiation on modern electronics. Built, managed and operated by a team of students from Saint Louis and Vanderbilt Universities, it will monitor test circuits in orbit and provide data that will be compared to theoretical models. Replacement satellite for one lost in the Super Strypi launch failure 2015 Nov 4.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 23, 15:3167950.000841242292.9151.64296


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 17:40
SORTIE (Scintillation Observations and Response of the Ionosphere to Electrodynamics)
1998-067RH
45264
in space
6U Cubesat from NASA and a consortium of research institutions to study plasma waves in the Earth's ionosphere.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 21, 18:3967960.000741342392.9251.64297


2020-014
CZ 2D
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Feb 19, 21:07
XJS-C (New Technology Test Satellite - C)
2020-014A
45249
in space
One of four simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:3368570.000547648394.1935.01270
XJS-D (New Technology Test Satellite - D)
2020-014B
45250
in space
One of four simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:3368570.000447648194.1735.01258
XJS-E (New Technology Test Satellite - E)
2020-014C
45251
in space
One of four simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:3068570.000647448394.1735.01282
XJS-F (New Technology Test Satellite - F)
2020-014D
45252
in space
One of four simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:2068560.000547548194.1635.00239
CZ 2D upper stage
2020-014E
45253
in space
Launched group of four XJS satellites. Catalogue Number and Designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:3368550.000647348194.1535.01296


2020-015
Soyuz-2 1A + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2020 Feb 20, 08:24
Meridian 9 (Meridian-M № 19L)
2020-015A
45254
in space
HEO military/government comsat to support Russian forces, commercial shipping and communication ground stations at northern latitudes across Russia. Second mission for the Meridian-M version. Meridian also supports the clandestine short messaging system formerly provided by the Parus satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 20:43267370.724299539722725.1562.85295
2020 Mar 03, 22:14266110.7222101339453720.0462.85295
2020 Mar 06, 15:52265590.7216101739344717.9162.84295
2020 Mar 16, 09:34265500.7208103639308717.5662.84295
Fregat rocket stage
2020-015B
45255
in space
Launched Meridian 9. Separated from Soyuz launch vehicle together with attached Meridian-M at 08:34 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 09:36265830.727586639543718.8862.86295
Soyuz upper stage

Re-entered - 2020 Feb 20
Life <1 day
Launched Meridian 9. Sub-orbital trajectory, re-entered above southern Pacific Ocean about 30 min after lift-off, accordingly not catalogued.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-016
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Mar 7, 04:50
SpaceX Dragon CRS-20
2020-016A
45341
in space
Supplies to ISS and cargo return. Captured by ISS Remote Manipulator System Mar 9 at 10:25 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 07, 08:1066710.013420338290.3751.6347
2020 Mar 08, 05:0966720.013420438490.4051.6450
2020 Mar 08, 11:0067590.000837538692.1651.642
2020 Mar 09, 05:5567940.000641242092.9051.6413
2020 Mar 09, 12:1467970.000641542392.9551.646
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Mar 7
Life <1 day
Launched Dragon CRS-20. Performed retro-fire that also changed the orbital inclination to 47°.8. Destructive re-entry above the southern Pacific Ocean 65-70 min after launch.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-017
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Mar 9, 11:57
Beidou-3 G-3
2020-017A
45344
in space
Phase 2 operational satellite in China's navigation satellite system. It also provides time and messaging services for the Asia-Pacific region. Probably moved to geosynchronous drift orbit Mar 10 and arrived on-station shortly after.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Mar 09, 18:03243810.728923135775631.4528.43180
2020 Apr 01, 16:54421650.000235776357971436.083.084180° east
CZ 3B upper stage
2020-017B
45345
in space
Launched Beidou-3 G-3. Orbit lowered after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 09, 15:51236830.722419634414604.5328.45179


failed to reach orbit
CZ 7A
Wenchang Space Centre
2020 Mar 16, 13:34
TJS-6
Government/military satellite - probably either a SIGINT (signals intelligence) or a missile early warning mission. Aimed at geosynchronous transfer orbit. Lost when the launch vehicle failed to attain orbit. First launch using CZ 7A.


2020-018
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat-M
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2020 Mar 16, 18:28
Cosmos 2545 (Uragan-M)
2020-018A
45358
in space
Navigation satellite fill a gap in the GLONASS constellation as a replacement for a failed satellite in Plane 3. Released into MEO from the Fregat-M approx 22:20 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 17, 12:01255210.00051913119155676.2564.80264
Fregat-M rocket stage
2020-018B
45359
in space
Launched Cosmos 2545.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 17, 14:48258450.00841924919683689.1564.78124


2020-019
Falcon 9 Block 5
Kennedy Space Center
2020 Mar 18, 12:16
Starlink
2020-019A
45360
in space
One member of a cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX. Catalogue number to be confirmed.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits near 300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Falcon 9 upper stage

Re-entered - 2020 Mar 18
Life <1 day
Launched sixty Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter the Earth's atmosphere about 80 mins after lift-off. Any surviving fragments hit the mid-western portion of the Pacific Ocean.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-020
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2020 Mar 21, 17:06
OneWeb
2020-020A
45424
in space
Broadband distribution satellite for the UK company OneWeb.

One of 34 similar satellites carried on this launch

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 22, 19:2968260.002243346393.5587.40295
Fregat rocket stage
Re-entered - 2020 Feb 7
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of OneWeb satellites. Released satellites in groups of 2/4 over the first 3.5 hrs after launch then caused to re-enter above south Alantic Ocean. Not catalogued.
Orbit parameters not available


2020-021
CZ 2C
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Mar 24, 03:43
Yaogan-30 16
2020-021A
45460
in space
One of a triplet of simultaneously-launched satellites described as being for "electromagnetic environment detection and related technological tests”. That may indicate they are electronic intelligence gathering satellites. The three satellites are spaced at 120º intervals around the orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 25, 01:4469750.000859160296.6235.00274
2020 Mar 28, 07:0469810.000859760896.7535.0110
2020 Mar 29, 16:4669880.001360061996.8935.0048
2020 Mar 31, 20:2369900.001660162396.9335.0079
Yaogan-30 17
2020-021B
45461
in space
One of a triplet of simultaneously-launched satellites described as being for "electromagnetic environment detection and related technological tests”. That may indicate they are electronic intelligence gathering satellites. The three satellites are spaced at 120º intervals around the orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 24, 19:1869750.000859160296.6135.00272
2020 Mar 29, 04:1069780.000759560596.6934.991
2020 Mar 31, 15:2269820.000859861096.7735.0046
Yaogan-30 18
2020-021C
45462
in space
One of a triplet of simultaneously-launched satellites described as being for "electromagnetic environment detection and related technological tests”. That may indicate they are electronic intelligence gathering satellites. The three satellites are spaced at 120º intervals around the orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 25, 01:4469750.000859160296.6135.00275
CZ 2C upper stage
2020-021D
45463
in space
Launched cluster of three Yaogan-30 satellites. Perigee lowered after satellite release.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 25, 13:5568800.015139860694.6534.6877


2020-022
Atlas V 551
Cape Canaveral
2020 Mar 26, 20:18
TDO 2
2020-022A
45464
in space
12U Cubesat (4x3), possibly equipped with laser retro-reflectors for visual tracking. Purpose is for calibration of laser-based tracking equipment on the ground. Released from the Centaur aft bulkhead at 20:47 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 27, 07:01242090.728220135460624.7626.50180
USA 298 (AEHF 6)
2020-022B
45465
in space
Advanced Extremely High Frequency US military and government communications satellite. Lift-off was 81 minutes into a 120 minute launch window after a delay caused by a fault in an item of ground equipment. Separated from launch vehicle Mar 27, 01:59 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Mar 27, 14:10297020.40361133635311849.0613.71180
2020 Mar 29, 16:59311070.34021414735311910.0312.51180
2020 Mar 30, 19:01332820.254018450353571007.1011.06180
2020 Apr 02, 00:42349650.192321863353101084.4410.34181
Atlas V upper stage (Centaur)
2020-022C
45466
in space
Launched USA 298 (AEHF 6) and TDO 2.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 27, 14:01294590.41481086035302838.6713.43180


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