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Launches and Orbital Operations


Tyneside, UK
2022 Jan 25
Tuesday, Day 25

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Orbital elements based on amateur observations

Satellite observers' discussion group

2022 - Launches to Orbit and Beyond

Listed are launches, irrespective of outcome, that were irretrievably committed to flight towards orbit or intended to accelerate the payload to escape velocity.

Launch times are in UTC and are from the launching agency or estimated by 'walking back' along the ground track to the launch site. Most orbit data and decay information comes fron SpaceTrack but it occasionally contains inconsistencies (eg - incorrect re-entry dates or early sets of elements allocated to the wrong object) that need to be corrected from other sources.

To fill the gaps where elements are not formally published, usually because they have a classification of "Secret", some orbits are based on amateur observations using visual and radio techniques. Such data is published near-daily by Mike McCants, and the source observations along with observers' derived orbits can often be found in the web-based Seesat-L discussion group. Occasionally, early orbit data are published by satellite owners. In extreme cases, orbits are estimated from public data.

Apogee and perigee are measured against a spherical Earth situated at the focus of the orbital ellipse and with a radius of 6378.145 km. Care should be exercised when comparing with other published orbits because they may have been derived using a different model.

Users can go straight to specific launches by pointing to the page URL followed by the three digit launch number, eg - http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Launches/Launches.php?year=2022#001


2022-001
Falcon 9 Block 5
Kennedy Space Center
2022 Jan 6, 21:49
Starlink 3321
2022-001A
50803
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of forty nine LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude. Released from launch vehicle at 22:04 UTC.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 200-300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jan 11, 20:0066680.005425432690.3153.22180
Falcon 9 upper stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2022 Jan 6
Life <1 day
Launched forty nine Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter above the south Atlantic/south western Indian Ocean about 00:59 UTC, 1.3 circuits after lift-off.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2022-002
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
2022 Jan 13, 15:25
ION SCV-004 (Elysian Eleonora)
2022-002K
50993
in space
Satellite Carrier Vehicle built by D-Orbit - released from launch vehicle at 16:49 UTC carrying a small group of satellites for release after departure from Falcon 9:
Dodona
Labsat
Stork 1
Stork 2
Swift
VZLUSat 2

Also hosts a payload not designed to be released as a separate satellite:
Unibap - on-orbit cloud computing demonstrator.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jan 18, 23:2669070.001052253695.2197.51215
Flock 4X-1
2022-002AK
51017
in space
3U Cubesat - part of Planet's Flock 4X cluster of second generation imaging satellites. Released from the launch vehicle in a fifteen minute sequence commencing at 16:31 UTC.

One of forty four similar satellites carried on this launch. All are in similar orbits.

NOTE - Four of the satellites are not yet accounted for, and one or more may have remained attached to the upper stage.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jan 18, 23:2369050.001251953695.1897.51215
BRO-5 (Breizh Reconnaissance Orbiter 5)
2022-002CF
51061
in space
6U Cubesat (3x2) from Unseen Labs of France for signal intelligence (SIGINT) reporting, specifically for maritime and airborne traffic. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:29 UTC. Initial identification by Nico Janssen - based on radio tracking.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Jan 18, 15:3269090.000952453695.2597.5123310:01
ICEYE X14
2022-002CQ
51070
in space
Small satellite fitted with a sythetic aperture radar for Earth surface imaging. Ultimately intended to be part of an eighteen satellite constellation. Released from EXOport 7 at 16:47 UTC.

One of two similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Jan 18, 23:2569060.001152053695.1997.5121610:01
Delfi-PQ
2022-002CU
51074
in space
3p PocketQube satellite from the Technical University of Delft, Netherlands launched to demonstrate/verify the satellite design. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:24 UTC. Initial identification by Nico Janssen - based on radio tracking.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jan 18, 15:2169010.001351453295.0997.53251
Capella 6
2022-002xx
in space
Small satellite from Capella Space carrying Synthetic Aperture Radar for Earth imaging. Member of a planned thirty satellite constellation. Released from launch vehicle at 16:48 UTC.

One of two similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch - both confirmed active by their owners.
Orbit parameters awaited
Challenger
2022-002xx
in space
3p Qubesat from US company Mini-Cubes. Carries an internet comms package. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:30 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
DEWA-Sat 1
2022-002xx
in space
3U Cubesat from the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority, UAE to demonstrate internet connection of remote station in the area's electricity and water networks. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:28 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
EASAT-2
2022-002xx
in space
1.5p PocketQube satellite built jointly by AMSAT Spain and a group of European University students. Carries a sample of rock from Lanzarote and an amateur radio payload. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:24 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
ETV-A1
2022-002xx
in space
16U Cubesat (4x4) from UK company Sen. First in a constellation of video distribution satellites. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:27 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
FossaSat-2E1
2022-002xx
in space
2p PocketQube developed by Spain's Fossa Systems - communications satellite that uses low power RF to provide internet connectivity. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:31 UTC.

One of six similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch.
Orbit parameters awaited
Gossamer Piccolomini
2022-002xx
in space
3?U Cubesat from US company Lunasonde for geological studies from orbit. Demonstrator for an eventual constellation. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:28 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
Grizu-263A
2022-002xx
in space
1p PocketQube, Mission details to follow. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:25 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
HADES
2022-002xx
in space
1.5p PocketQube satellite built by AMSAT Spain equipped with a SSTV camera module for Earth observation and an amateur radio package.. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:24 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
HYPSO-1 (Hyperspectral Satellite for Ocean Observation)
2022-002xx
in space
6U Cubesat from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology to study biological activity near the ocean surface. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:28 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
IRIS-A (Intelligent Remote Sensing and Internet Satellite)
2022-002xx
in space
2U Cubesat from the Nationa Cheng Kung University of Taiwan. Equipped with an imaging system and a comms package for relaying data from the ground via the Internet. Released from launch vehicle at 16:36 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
Kepler 16
2022-002xx
in space
6U Cubesat - Kepler Gen 1 satellite, part of a planned 140 satellite constellation from Kepler Aerospace carrying a high capacity communications system to provide links between other satellites and the ground, and a prototype of an Internet communications system. Released from launch vehicle at 16:36 UTC.

One of four similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch
Orbit parameters awaited
Lemur-2 (Djirang)
2022-002xx
in space
3U Cubesat - equipped with a receiver for AIS (Automatic Information System) for tracking ships at sea, and other sensors. One of four carried on the Transporter 3 launch. Lemur-2 satellites are named after development and support team members. Released from launch vehicle at 16:37 UTC.

One of four similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch.
Orbit parameters awaited
MDASat-1a
2022-002xx
in space
2U Cubesat from the French South African Institute of Technology. Equipped with an AIS receiver to relay short messages and navigational information from ships at sea. Released from launch vehicle at 16:36 UTC.

One of three similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch
Orbit parameters awaited
MDQubeSat-1
2022-002xx
in space
2p PocketQube from Innova Space of Argentina as a demonstrator of the a satellite to provide internet connection. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:27 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
NuX-1
2022-002xx
in space
3U Cubesat from Singapore companies NuSpace and Aliena. Equipped with an electronic thruster and a comms package for relaying data from the ground via the Internet. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:28 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
Ororatech 1
2022-002xx
in space
6U Cubesat from German company Ororatech carrying a thermal infrared imager to detect and record wildfires on the Earth's surface. The satellite is built around a bus provided by Spire Global. Released from launch vehicle at 16:32 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
PION-BR1
2022-002xx
in space
1p PocketQube from PION Labs of Brazil, to demonstrate the satellite design. Carries a receiver transmitter to provide internet connectiona and an amateur radio payload.. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:27 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
SANOSAT-1
2022-002xx
in space
1p PocketQube built by Nepalese university students and engineers, carries a radiation sensor to be used as an aid in teaching. Also carries an amateur radio payload.. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:30 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
SATLLA-2A
2022-002xx
in space
2p PocketQube from Ariel University, Israel. Equipped with an imaging system and an amateur radio payload. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:25 UTC.

One of two similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch
Orbit parameters awaited
Sich 2-1 (Sich 2-30)
2022-002xx
in space
Small satellite from Ukraine's Pivdenne (Yuzhnoye) State Design Office, to monitor the use of land, vegetation, forest, water resources and to reduce the consequences of natural disasters. Released from launch vehicle at 16:48 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
Tevel-1
2022-002xx
in space
1U Cubesat from the Herzliya Science Center in Israel, carring an amateur radio payload for education purposes. Released from launch vehicle at 16:33 UTC.

One of eight similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch
Orbit parameters awaited
Umbra 02
2022-002xx
in space
Small satellite from US company UMBRA, equipped with a radar imaging system for commercial Earth observation. Released from launch vehicle at 16:47 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
Unicorn 1
2022-002xx
in space
2p PocketQube satellite. Mission details to follow. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:24 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
Unicorn 2A
2022-002xx
in space
3p PocketQube satellite. Mission details to follow. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:24 UTC.

One of three similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch
Orbit parameters awaited
Unicorn 2TA-1 (Tartan Artibeus 1)
2022-002xx
in space
1p PocketQube satellite from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. Demonstrator for a PocketQube powered by solar cells and testing onboard processing of sensor data. Released from EXOport 6 at 16:24 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited
Falcon 9 upper stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2022 Jan 13
Life <1 day
Launched Transporter 3 cluster of 105 satellites. Caused to re-enter above the western part of the Indian Ocean at about 18:00 UTC on the day of launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2022-003
LauncherOne (STP-27VPB)
Boeing 747, Pacific Ocean off California
2022 Jan 13, 22:52
GEARRS 3 (Globalstar Risk Reduction Satellite)
2022-003D
51097
in space
3U Cubesat from Taylor University, investigating the feasibility of using the Globalstar satellite comms network for command and control of cubesats and other small satellite systems. Released from launch vehicle at 23:46 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jan 14, 18:4768770.000449650194.5944.98274
Adler 1
2022-003xx
in space
3U Cubesat carrying the Austrian Particle Impact Detector (APID) to detect very small items of debris in LEO. Released from launch vehicle at 23:46 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit68770.000549650294.5944.98293
PAN A (Pathfinder for Autonomous Navigation)
2022-003xx
in space
3U Cubesat from Cornell University to undertake rendezvous and docking with a companion satellite carried on the same launch vehicle. Part of NASA ELaNa-29 Cubesat cluster. Released from launch vehicle at 23:46 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit68770.000549650294.5944.98293
PAN B (Pathfinder for Autonomous Navigation)
2022-003xx
in space
3U Cubesat from Cornell University to undertake rendezvous and docking with a companion satellite carried on the same launch vehicle. Part of NASA ELaNa-29 Cubesat cluster. Released from launch vehicle at 23:46 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit68770.000549650294.5944.98293
Steamsat 2
2022-003xx
in space
3U Cubesat - equipped with a water powered thruster from SteamJet Systems. Released from launch vehicle at 23:46 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit68770.000549650294.5944.98293
Stork 3
2022-003xx
in space
3U Cubesat from SatRevolution of Poland. Part of a planned fourteen satellite constellation of Earth imaging satellites. Released from launch vehicle at 23:46 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit68770.000549650294.5944.98293
TechEdSat 13
2022-003xx
in space
3U Cubesat from NASA Ames carrying an artificial intelligence/machine learning (AI/ML) module featuring a neuromorphic processor. Also carries a deployable aerobrake to hasten orbit decay at the end of its operational life. Released from launch vehicle at 23:46 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit68770.000549650294.5944.98293
LauncherOne upper stage
2022-003H
51101
in space
Launched seven smalll satellites. Perigee lowered after releasing satellites in order to accelerate orbit decay.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jan 14, 14:0668380.005442349793.8045.03210


2022-004
CZ 2D
Taiyuan Space Centre
2022 Jan 17, 02:35
Shiyan 13
2022-004A
51102
in space
Purpose unknown - described as "mainly used for space environment exploration and related technical tests". Initial orbit shown is subject to confirmation and may be erroneous.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Jan 17, 02:3568590.001846849394.2197.4429309:42
2022 Jan 17, 12:1472050.06523571297101.4598.6814509:40
CZ 2D upper stage
2022-004B
51103
in space
Launched Shiyan 13.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jan 17, 12:0972040.06523561295101.4298.68145


2022-005
Falcon 9 Block 5
Kennedy Space Center
2022 Jan 19, 02:02
Starlink
2022-005A
51104
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of forty nine LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude. Released from launch vehicle at 02:17 UTC.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 200-300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jan 24, 16:0066690.005425432790.3353.22184
Falcon 9 upper stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2022 Jan 19
Life <1 day
Launched forty nine Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter above the south Atlantic/south western Indian Ocean about 04:10 UTC, 1.3 circuits after lift-off.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2022-006
Atlas V 511
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
2022 Jan 21, 19:00
USA 324 (GSSAP 5)
2022-006A
51280
in space
One of a pair of simultaneously-launched Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program satellites to act as a sensor in the US Space Surveillance Network (SSN). It carries an experimental sensor look at objects in geosynchronous orbit with a view to identifying satellites and differentiating between payloads, rocket bodies and debris. Separated from launch vehicle Jan 22 at 01:35 UTC. Initial orbit based on ULA pre-launch data, others on amateur observations. 'USA' number is out of sequence.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2022 Jan 22, 01:36425140.000736106361651453.970.0035195° west
USA 325 (GSSAP 6)
2022-006B
51281
in space
One of a pair of simultaneously-launched Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program satellites to act as a sensor in the US Space Surveillance Network (SSN). It carries an experimental sensor look at objects in geosynchronous orbit with a view to identifying satellites and differentiating between payloads, rocket bodies and debris. Separated from launch vehicle Jan 22 at 01:45 UTC. Initial orbit based on ULA pre-launch data, others on amateur observations. 'USA' number is out of sequence.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2022 Jan 22, 01:45424990.001136075361681453.220.0034195° west
Atlas V upper stage (Centaur)
2022-006C
51282
in space
Launched GSSAP 5 & GSSAP 6. Orbit based on ULA data for the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. Currently in an orbit similar to the satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jan 21, 20:14246580.732023136329642.2525.970


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